Publication
Title
Isolation and structure elucidation of two antiprotozoal bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Triclisia gilletii stem bark
Author
Abstract
An aqueous decoction of stem bark of Triclisia gilletii (De Wild.) Staner (Menispermaceae) is used in several African countries to treat various diseases including malaria. The aqueous extract and the total alkaloid extract were evaluated in vitro for their antiplasmodial activity against the chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum strain K-1, the chloroquine-sensitive strain NF54 A19A, and in vivo in mice infected with P. berghei berghei and P. yoelii N67. Both extracts were active in vitro with IC50 values of 0.75 and 0.25 mu g/ml against P. falciparum Kl, respectively; and 1.15 and < 0.02 mu g/ml against P. falciparum NF54 A19A, respectively. With regard to the in vivo activity, at the highest oral dose of 400 mg/kg body weight, the aqueous and the total alkaloid extracts produced 73.0% and 80.7% chemosuppression against P. berghei berghei, respectively, while against P. yoelii N67, a chemosuppression of 70.1%, and 78.4%, respectively, was observed. Two bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids were isolated from the total alkaloid extract, i.e. (-)-pycmanilline and (-)-phaeanthine in a yield of 0.20% and 0.40%, respectively. They were active in vitro against P. falciparum K-1 (IC50 1.6 +/- 0.3 and 0.8 +/- 0.3 mu M, respectively), and P. falciparum NF54 A19 A (IC50 0.07 +/- 0.01 and 0.03 +/- 0.01 mu M, respectively). Also against other protozoa IC50 values in the micromolar range were observed. (-)-Pycmanilline is reported for the first time.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Phytochemistry letters
Publication
2018
ISSN
1874-3900
Volume/pages
28(2018), p. 19-23
ISI
000450125600004
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.12.2018
Last edited 29.07.2021
To cite this reference