Publication
Title
A modified two-step screening strategy for gestational diabetes mellitus based on the 2013 WHO criteria by combining the glucose challenge test and clinical risk factors
Author
Abstract
This study determines if a modified two-step screening strategy with a glucose challenge test (GCT) 7.2 mmol/L and clinical risk factors improves the diagnostic accuracy for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), based on 2013 WHO criteria, while limiting the number of oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT). This was a prospective multicentric cohort study with 1811 participants receiving both GCT and 75 g OGTT in pregnancy. Participants and health care providers were blinded for GCT. Characteristics were analyzed across four glucose tolerance groups: abnormal (7.2 mmol/L), GCT GDM (n = 165), normal GCT GDM (n = 63), abnormal GCT normal glucose tolerant (NGT) (n = 472); normal GCT NGT (n = 1113). Compared to normal GCT NGT women, normal GCT GDM women had increased rates of obesity (23.8% vs. 10.5%, p < 0.001), ethnic minority background (19.3% vs. 8.2%, p < 0.001) and a history of GDM (13.8% vs. 4.6%, p = 0.03). By combined screening of GCT 7.2 mmol/L with these risk factors, sensitivity increased to respectively, 74.1-78.1% using one risk factor, and to 82.9% using any of these risk factors with a specificity of 57.5%. By using a modified two-step screening strategy, the number of women needing both a GCT and OGTT would be reduced to 25.5%, and 52.6% of all OGTTs could be avoided, compared to a universal one-step approach.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of Clinical Medicine
Publication
2018
ISSN
2077-0383
Volume/pages
7 :10 (2018) , 16 p.
Article Reference
351
ISI
000448819000059
Pubmed ID
30322138
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.12.2018
Last edited 19.10.2021
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