Publication
Title
Gammahydroxybutyrate in hair of non-GHB and repeated GHB users : a new and optimized method
Author
Abstract
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is a short-chain fatty acid used recreationally as a drug of abuse due its strong suppressive effect on the central nervous system. The detection window of GHB in blood and urineisvery narrow (t1/2=30 min) but can be substantially prolonged using alternative matrices such as hair. We here present a newly developed and limited validated method with a solid phase extraction (SPE) using GC-MS/MS to determine concentrations of GHB in hair samples. Thes of text raction technique(water and 90 minultrasonic bath) preserves GHB with a high yield and cleanextracts. In addition, endogenous GHB can be detected in hair of non-GHB users. However, little is known about GHB concentrations in hair of abstinent, frequent and chronic GHB users. Therefore, we present data from hair samples of healthy volunteers to evaluate the proposed endogenous GHB ranges, and from GHB-dependent patients to address GHB concentrations in hair with GHB intake. In 20 non-GHB users, a mean endogenous concentration of 1.1 +/- 0.6 ng/mg hair (range of 0.3-2 ng/mg) was found. In GHB-dependent patients, concentrations between 6.3-239.6 ng/mg hair were found, with no correlation between concentrations in hair and dose of GHB intake. In summary, we present a new and limited validated method, adequately sensitive for the detection of GHB in hair, as well as first-time measurements of GHB concentrations in dependent patients in order to better understand the relationship between the frequency of use/dose and concentrations observed in hair samples. (c) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Forensic science international. - Lausanne
Publication
Lausanne : 2018
ISSN
0379-0738
Volume/pages
291(2018), p. 193-198
ISI
000448250300031
Pubmed ID
30218866
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.12.2018
Last edited 11.09.2021
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