Publication
Title
Digging deeper in the differential effects of inflammatory and psychosocial stressors in remitted depression : effects on cognitive functioning
Author
Abstract
Background Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) covers a wide spectrum of symptoms, including cognitive dysfunction, which can persist during remission. Both inflammatory states and psychosocial stress play a role in MDD pathogenesis. Methods The effects of inflammatory (i.e., Salmonella typhi vaccine) and psychosocial stressor (i.e., Trier Social Stress Test), as well as their combination were investigated on cognition in women (aged 2545 years, n = 21) with (partially) remitted MDD and healthy controls (n = 18) in a single-blind placebo-controlled study. In a crossover design, patients received on the first day one of the aforementioned interventions and on the other day a placebo, or vice versa, with a washout period of 714 days. Short-term and verbal memory, working memory, attention, verbal fluency, information processing speed, psychomotor function, and measures of attentional bias to emotions were measured. Exploratory analyses were performed to assess the correlation between biomarkers of inflammation and the HypothalamicPituitaryAdrenal axis and cognitive functioning. Results In patients, inflammatory stress decreased information processing speed and verbal memory, and increased working memory; after psychosocial stress, there was an increase in attention. There was also an increased negative attentional bias in patients after inflammatory stress. Neither stressor had any effect in controls. Limitiations Limitations are the relatively small sample size and antidepressant use by a part of the participants. The effects of the stressors were also measured a relatively short period after administration. Conculsion Patients were sensitive to the cognitive effects of inflammation and psychosocial stress on cognition, while controls were not.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of affective disorders. - Amsterdam
Journal of affective disorders. - Amsterdam
Publication
Amsterdam : 2019
ISSN
0165-0327
Volume/pages
245 (2019) , p. 356-363
ISI
000456697100046
Pubmed ID
30423462
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 15.01.2019
Last edited 19.09.2021
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