Publication
Title
Container terminal automation : assessment of drivers and benefits
Author
Abstract
This study identifies and analyzes the relative importance of the multi-faceted factors that drive the decision to automate container terminals and the realized benefits, thus establishing how accurately terminal operators predicted the benefits of automation. The empirical analysis relies on a survey-based approach and the input of senior representatives of terminal operating entities in charge of the fully and semi-automated container terminals. The analysis of the findings, using statistical tools (i.e., descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis), reveals that most of the benefits assumed by an individual terminal operator materialized once the automated terminal was in operation. It also concludes that expectations often exceed benefits and vice versa. A stepwise regression analysis enables the search of causal relationships between drivers and realized benefits with key characteristics of automated container terminals, such as their organizational features, technical dimensions, and the maritime and urban markets they serve.This article is a revised and expanded version of a paper Container Terminal Automation: Assessment of Drivers and Benefits presented at the International Association of Maritime Economists Annual Conference, Busan, Korea, 2022.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Maritime policy and management. - London, 1997, currens
Publication
London : 2023
ISSN
0308-8839
DOI
10.1080/03088839.2023.2249460
Volume/pages
(2023) , p. 1-25
Article Reference
2249460
ISI
001168045000001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
The author-created version that incorporates referee comments and is the accepted for publication version Available from 24.08.2024
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 02.10.2023
Last edited 11.04.2024
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