Publication
Title
Prevalence, associated factors and predictors of post stroke pneumonia in a Nigerian population : a retrospective study
Author
Abstract
Objectives: Stroke can trigger an immune response that can raise the risk of infection, alter tracheal epithelium, reduce pulmonary clearance and impair secretions drainage capacity. Infection, altered tracheal epithelium, reduced pulmonary clearance, impaired secretions drainage capacity and aspiration can cause pneumonia after stroke. The aim of this study is to find out the prevalence of post stroke pneumonia in a Nigerian population and factors that are associated with it.Materials and Method: Study data was extracted from the case files of patients with stroke who were managed between 1(st) January, 2011 and 1(st) February, 2021 in the study setting.Results: The result showed that, there was a record of only 591 patients with stroke (mean age, 62.78 +/- 14.86 years) who were managed in the two hospitals during the period of the study. Out of this number, only 102 (17.3 %) had pneumonia. Presence of the pneumonia was only significantly (p < 0.05) associated with sex, type of stroke, lower limb muscle power, and outcome (died or alive). However, only those with ischaemic stroke are less likely to have pneumonia (Odds ratio= 0.467; CI: 0.275 to 0.791, p= 0.005), and patients who survived the stroke and are alive are less likely to develop pneumonia (Odds ratio= 0.150; CI: 0.092 to 0.245, p < 0.001).Conclusions: Pneumonia occurs to a large extent after stroke. Therefore, it is important measures are taken to prevent it or complications arising from it especially in those with a hemorrhagic stroke.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases / National Stroke Association. - Englewood, Colo.
Publication
Englewood, Colo. : 2023
ISSN
1052-3057
DOI
10.1016/J.JSTROKECEREBROVASDIS.2023.107404
Volume/pages
32 :12 (2023) , p. 1-5
Article Reference
107404
ISI
001094833100001
Pubmed ID
37813084
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
The author-created version that incorporates referee comments and is the accepted for publication version Available from 07.04.2024
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.12.2023
Last edited 15.01.2024
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