Publication
Title
The effects of chemotherapy on resting energy expenditure, body composition, and cancer-related fatigue in women with breast cancer : a prospective cohort study
Author
Abstract
BackgroundBreast cancer (BC) is the most prevalent tumor in women. Improvements in treatment led to declined mortality, resulting in more survivors living with cancer- or therapy-induced comorbidities. In this study, we investigated the impact of neoplasia and chemotherapy on resting energy expenditure (REE) and body composition, in relation to cancer-related fatigue. Inflammatory parameters were checked as possible explanation for changes in REE.MethodsFifty-six women participated: 20 women with BC and 36 healthy controls. Patients were assessed at baseline (T0) and follow-up (T1) after 12 weeks of chemotherapy. Controls were measured once. REE was assessed with indirect calorimetry: body composition (body weight, fat mass, fat-free mass) by air plethysmography. The multidimensional fatigue index (MFI-20) was used to analyze fatigue. Baseline measurements of patients were compared to results of the healthy controls with the independent-samples T-test. The paired-samples T-test investigated the effects of chemotherapy from T0 to T1. A Pearson correlation analysis was conducted between REE, body composition, and fatigue and between REE, body composition, and inflammatory parameters. A linear regression analysis was fitted to estimate the contribution of the significantly correlated parameters. The measured REE at T0 and T1 was compared to the predicted REE to analyze the clinical use of the latter.ResultsAt baseline, patients with BC had significantly higher REE in the absence of differences in body composition. From baseline to T1, REE and body weight did not change. In contrast, fat-free mass declined significantly with concordant increase in fat mass. Fatigue deteriorated significantly. C-reactive protein at baseline predicted the change in energy expenditure. Predicted REE significantly underestimated measured REE.ConclusionsWomen with BC have higher REE in the tumor-bearing state compared to healthy controls. Chemotherapy does not affect REE but alters body composition. Predictive equations are invalid in the BC population. Results of our study can be used to implement personalized nutritional interventions to support energy expenditure and body composition and minimize long-term comorbidities.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cancer & metabolism
Publication
2023
ISSN
2049-3002
DOI
10.1186/S40170-023-00322-2
Volume/pages
11 :1 (2023) , p. 1-11
Article Reference
21
ISI
001099261500001
Pubmed ID
37946297
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.12.2023
Last edited 25.04.2024
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