Publication
Title
Arterial tortuosity in pediatric Loeys-Dietz syndrome patients
Author
Abstract
Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is an autosomal connective tissue disorder commonly presenting with hypertelorism, bifid uvula, aortic aneurysms, and arterial tortuosity. The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in tortuosity index (TI) between genotypes of LDS, possible progression over time and its use as an adjunctive prognostic tool alongside aortic dimensions to aid timely surgical planning in pediatric patients. A retrospective observational study of pediatric LDS patients referred to our center (November 2012-February 2021) was conducted. Using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with 3D maximum intensity projection volume-rendered angiogram, arterial TI was measured. Twenty three patients had genetically confirmed LDS with at least one head and neck MRA and 19 had no less than one follow-up MRA available. All patients presented arterial tortuosity. Patients with TGFBR2 variants had greater values of TI compared to patients with TGFB2 variants (p = 0.041). For patients who did not undergo surgery (n = 18), z-scores at the level of the sinus of Valsalva showed a significant correlation with vertebral TI (r(s) = 0.547). There was one death during follow-up. This study demonstrates that patients with LDS and TGFBR2 variants have greater values of TI than patients with TGFB2 variants and that greatest values of TI are associated with increased aortic root z-scores. Furthermore, as TI decreases over time, less frequent neuroimaging follow-up can be considered. Nevertheless, additional studies are needed to better define more accurate risk stratification and long-term surveillance in these patients.
Language
English
Source (journal)
American journal of medical genetics : part A. - Bognor Regis, 2003, currens
Publication
Hoboken : Wiley , 2023
ISSN
1552-4825 [print]
1552-4833 [online]
DOI
10.1002/AJMG.A.63465
Volume/pages
(2023) , p. 1-8
ISI
001097679300001
Pubmed ID
37916856
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
The author-created version that incorporates referee comments and is the accepted for publication version Available from 02.05.2024
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.12.2023
Last edited 08.12.2023
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