Publication
Title
Addition of bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells to 3D-printed alginate/gelatin hydrogel containing freeze-dried bone nanoparticles accelerates regeneration of critical size bone defects
Author
Abstract
A 3D-printed biodegradable hydrogel, consisting of alginate, gelatin, and freeze-dried bone allograft nanoparticles (npFDBA), is developed as a scaffold for enhancing cell adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation when combined with rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs). This composite hydrogel is intended for the regeneration of critical-sized bone defects using a rat calvaria defect model. The behavior of rBMSCs seeded onto the scaffold is evaluated through scanning electron microscope, MTT assays, and quantitative real-time PCR. In a randomized study, thirty rats are assigned to five treatment groups: 1) rBMSCs-loaded hydrogel, 2) rBMSCs-loaded FDBA microparticles, 3) hydrogel alone, 4) FDBA alone, and 5) an empty defect serving as a negative control. After 8 weeks, bone regeneration is assessed using H&E, Masson's trichrome staining, and immunohistochemistry. The 3D-printed hydrogel displays excellent adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of rBMSCs. The rBMSCs-loaded hydrogel exhibits comparable new bone regeneration to the rBMSCs-loaded FDBA group, outperforming other groups with statistical significance (P-value < 0.05). These findings are corroborated by Masson's trichrome staining and osteocalcin expression. The rBMSCs-loaded 3D-printed hydrogel demonstrates promising potential for significantly enhancing bone regeneration, surpassing the conventional clinical approach (FDBA).
Language
English
Source (journal)
Macromolecular bioscience. - Weinheim, 2001 - 2012
Publication
Weinheim : Wiley-v c h verlag gmbh , 2023
ISSN
1616-5187 [print]
1616-5195 [online]
DOI
10.1002/MABI.202300065
Volume/pages
(2023) , 16 p.
ISI
001095926900001
Pubmed ID
37846197
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.12.2023
Last edited 08.12.2023
To cite this reference