Publication
Title
Histopathological growth pattern of liver metastases as an independent marker of metastatic behavior in different primary cancers
Author
Abstract
Surgical resection can lead to prolonged survival in patients with isolated liver metastases (LM) from various primary cancers. However, there are currently no validated predictive markers to discriminate between these oligo/argometastatic patients, who will benefit from surgery, and those with diffuse metastatic behavior in whom surgery will be futile. To evaluate whether the tumor microenvironment, or histopathological growth pattern (HGP), of LM reflects the type of metastatic progression independently of the origin of the primary cancer, we analyzed a combined series of patients who underwent surgery for colorectal LM (N=263) or non-colorectal LM (N=66). HGPs of LM were scored in each patient to distinguish between desmoplastic HGP (all LM showing a complete encapsulated pattern) and non-desmoplastic HGP (at least one LM with some infiltrating-replacement component). In the entire series, 5-year overall and progression-free survival were, 44.5% and 15.5%, respectively, with no significant differences between colorectal and non-colorectal LM. In patients with desmoplastic HGP, 5-year overall and progression-free survival were 57% and 32%, respectively, as compared to 41% and 12%, respectively, in patients with non-desmoplastic-HGP (p=0.03 and 0.005). Irrespective of cancer origin and compared to traditional risk factors, desmoplastic HGP was the most significant predictor for better post-operative overall survival (adjusted HR: 0.62; 95% CI: [0.49-0.97]; p=0.035) and progression-free survival (adjusted HR: 0.61; 95% CI: [0.42-0.87], p=0.006). This suggests that the HGP of LM may represent an accurate marker that reflects the mode of metastatic behavior, independently of primary cancer type.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Frontiers in oncology / Frontiers Research Foundation (Lausanne, Switzerland) - [Lausanne, 2011, currens
Publication
[Lausanne : Frontiers Research Foundation] , 2023
ISSN
2234-943X
DOI
10.3389/FONC.2023.1260880
Volume/pages
13 (2023) , p. 1-9
Article Reference
1260880
ISI
001100824800001
Pubmed ID
37965465
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.12.2023
Last edited 07.12.2023
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