Publication
Title
Yield, nutrition, and leaf gas exchange of lettuce plants in a hydroponic system in response to Bacillus subtilis inoculation
Author
Abstract
Inoculation with Bacillus subtilis is a promising approach to increase plant yield and nutrient acquisition. In this context, this study aimed to estimate the B. subtilis concentration that increases yield, gas exchange, and nutrition of lettuce plants in a hydroponic system. The research was carried out in a greenhouse in Ilha Solteira, Brazil. A randomized block design with five replications was adopted. The treatments consisted of B. subtilis concentrations in nutrient solution [0 mL "non-inoculated", 7.8 x 10(3), 15.6 x 10(3), 31.2 x 10(3), and 62.4 x 10(3) colony forming units (CFU) mL(-1) of nutrient solution]. There was an increase of 20% and 19% in number of leaves and 22% and 25% in shoot fresh mass with B. subtilis concentrations of 15.6 x 10(3) and 31.2 x 10(3) CFU mL(-1) as compared to the non-inoculated plants, respectively. Also, B. subtilis concentration at 31.2 x 10(3) CFU mL(-1) increased net photosynthesis rate by 95%, intercellular CO2 concentration by 30%, and water use efficiency by 67% as compared to the non-inoculated treatments. The concentration of 7.8 x 10(3) CFU mL(-1) improved shoot accumulation of Ca, Mg, and S by 109%, 74%, and 69%, when compared with non-inoculated plants, respectively. Inoculation with B. subtilis at 15.6 x 10(3) CFU mL(-1) provided the highest fresh leaves yield while inoculation at 15.6 x 10(3) and 31.2 x 10(3) CFU mL(-1) increased shoot fresh mass and number of leaves. Concentrations of 7.8 x 10(3) and 15.6 x 10(3) increased shoot K accumulation. The concentrations of 7.8 x 10(3), 15.6 x 10(3), and 31.2 x 10(3) CFU mL(-1) increased shoot N accumulation in hydroponic lettuce plants.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Frontiers in plant science. - Place of publication unknown
Publication
Place of publication unknown : publisher unknown , 2023
ISSN
1664-462X
DOI
10.3389/FPLS.2023.1248044
Volume/pages
14 (2023) , p. 1-10
Article Reference
1248044
ISI
001102590100001
Pubmed ID
37954988
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.12.2023
Last edited 07.12.2023
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