Publication
Title
Occupant behaviour and the potential of automating lighting control in terms of energy consumption – is there a link for residential buildings?
Author
Abstract
The implementation of occupancy-controlled and daylighting-dimmed lighting systems has an impact on the energy consumption of residential buildings. The BAC factor method of EN ISO 52120-1 estimates that 8% of the lighting energy can be saved compared to conventional manual control. However, it is assumed that their ability to potentially lower the lighting energy consumption is strongly related to external factors, such as the extent of daylight entrance and the behaviour of the inhabitants. By means of simulations in EnergyPlus, the performances of automated and manual lighting control are compared for an apartment and semi-detached building located in Brussels (Belgium) with variation in the occupant behaviour and orientation. It appears that an automated lighting control including 0-100% dimmer reduces the lighting energy demand for all investigated cases with savings up to 38.4%, whereas a similar control without dimmer does not necessarily reduce the lighting electricity demand. However, the results show a considerable variation, making prediction methods as the BAC factor method highly inaccurate. The actual relative energy performance depends on the automation system, type of building, orientation and occupant behaviour (i.e. number of inhabitants and occupancy rate). Hereby, the number of inhabitants has the most considerable impact on the relative energy performances with differences up to 50%, while the occupancy rate shows a significant correlation, especially for low numbers of inhabitants.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of physics : conference series. - Bristol, 2004, currens
Source (book)
13th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics (NSB-2023), June 12-14, 2023, Aalborg, Denmark
Publication
Bristol : Institute of Physics Publishing , 2023
ISSN
1742-6588 [print]
1742-6596 [online]
DOI
10.1088/1742-6596/2654/1/012065
Volume/pages
2654 :1 (2023) , p. 1-9
Article Reference
012065
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UAntwerpen
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Publications with a UAntwerp address
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Creation 14.12.2023
Last edited 15.12.2023
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