Publication
Title
Combined ultrasound of m. quadriceps and diaphragm to determine the occurrence of sarcopenia and prolonged ventilation in a COVID-19 ICU cohort : the COVID-SARCUS trial
Author
Abstract
Objective The aim of this study was to determine the development of sarcopenia in a COVID-19 intensive care unit population by sequential quadriceps and diaphragm ultrasound and its relationship with hospital outcomes. Methods We assessed muscle thickness, cross-sectional area, fascicle length, pennation angle, and echo intensity within 48 h after intubation, at days 5 and 10 and at discharge from the intensive care unit in 30 critically ill patients with confirmed COVID-19. Results A different evolution of muscle thickness of the diaphragm and m. rectus femoris was observed; the changes between the two muscles were not correlated (Pearson's χ2 3.91, P = 0.419). The difference in muscle thickness was linked to the outcome for both m. rectus femoris and diaphragm, with the best survival seen in the group with stable muscle thickness. The greatest loss of muscle thickness occurred between days 5 and 10. The echo intensity was higher in the patients with increased muscle thickness, who also had a worse prognosis. There was a correlation between cross-sectional area on day 5 and handgrip strength (r = 0.290, P = 0.010). Only 31% of patients were able to return to their preadmission residence without any additional rehabilitation. Conclusions Muscle atrophy and decline in muscle strength appear in the earliest stages after admission to the intensive care unit and are related to functional outcome.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Nutrition. - Burbank, Calif.
Publication
Burbank, Calif. : 2024
ISSN
0899-9007
DOI
10.1016/J.NUT.2023.112250
Volume/pages
117 (2024) , p. 1-9
Article Reference
112250
ISI
001109043000001
Pubmed ID
37918311
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
The author-created version that incorporates referee comments and is the accepted for publication version Available from 01.05.2024
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Project info
Visualisation of inspiratory effort and respiratory mechanics to promote lung-and diaphragm protective ventilation.
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.01.2024
Last edited 11.01.2024
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