Publication
Title
Gait initiation in Parkinson's disease : comparison of timing and displacement during anticipatory postural adjustments as a function of motor severity and apathy in a large cohort
Author
Abstract
Introduction Gait initiation is preceded by three anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) phases. In Parkinson's disease (PD) generated force, displacement and timing during APA differ from healthy controls. APA might be influenced by disease status, weight or emotion. It is unknown how motor severity, disease duration or presence of apathy influences APA timing and displacement. Methods We included 99 people with PD and 50 healthy controls (HC) to perform five gait initiation trials following an auditory cue. Force plates measured timing and center of pressure (CoP) displacement during APA phases. Results Time to gait initiation (tGI) was higher in the PD group (p < 0.001, t = 2.74, 95%CI (0.008, 0.066)). The first two APA phases (APA1 and APA2a) lasted longer in PD (respectively p < 0.001, t = 3.87, 95%CI (0.091, 0.28) and p < 0.001, t = 4.1, 95%CI (0.031, 0.091)). Mean CoP displacement, variability in timing and displacement did not differ. A multiple regression model was used to determine if clinical variables were related to gait initiation parameters. tGI was predicted by age (p < 0.001) and weight (p = 0.005). The duration of APA1 was predicted by weight (p = 0.006) and APA2a by age (p < 0.001). Variability in duration of the locomotor phase (LOC) was predicted by age (p < 0.001). Conclusion tGI and initial APA phases are longer in PD than in HC. There are no significant differences in variability of timing or displacement between the two groups. Gait initiation parameters are independent of disease duration, motor severity, medication usage or apathy in PD. Our findings suggest that cueing does not speed up gait initiation but reduces variability.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Heliyon. - London, 2015, currens
Publication
London : Elsevier , 2023
ISSN
2405-8440
DOI
10.1016/J.HELIYON.2023.E23740
Volume/pages
10 (2024) , p. 1-9
Article Reference
e23740
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.01.2024
Last edited 30.01.2024
To cite this reference