Publication
Title
Statistical analysis of porcelain tiles' technical properties : full factorial design investigation on oxide ratios and temperature
Author
Abstract
This study focuses on optimizing the composition and firing temperature of porcelain tiles using statistical analysis techniques. A full factorial design, including model adequacy checking, analysis of variance, Pareto charts, interaction plots, regression model, and response optimizer is employed. The key factors were the Seger ratios of SiO2/Al2O3, Na2O/K2O, MgO/CaO, and firing temperature. The response variables investigated were bulk density, water absorption, linear shrinkage, coefficient of thermal expansion (at 500 degrees C), and strength. The statistical analysis revealed highly significant results, which were further validated, confirming their reliability for practical use in the production of porcelain tiles. The study demonstrated the effectiveness of utilizing Seger formulas and properties of typical raw materials to accurately predict the final properties of ceramic tiles. By employing SiO2/Al2O3 = 5.2, Na2O/K2O = 1.50, MgO/CaO = 3.0, and firing temperature of 1180 degrees C, optimized properties, such as maximum strength, maximum bulk density, and minimum water absorption, was achieved with a composite desirability of 0.9821.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Physica scripta / Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademien. - Stockholm, 1970, currens
Publication
Stockholm : Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences , 2023
ISSN
0031-8949 [print]
1402-4896 [online]
DOI
10.1088/1402-4896/AD0AE9
Volume/pages
98 :12 (2023) , p. 1-18
Article Reference
125953
ISI
001105879800001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 09.01.2024
Last edited 19.01.2024
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