Constructing mixed density functionals for describing dissociative chemisorption on metal surfaces : basic principles
The production of a majority of chemicals involves heterogeneous catalysis at some stage, and the rates of many heterogeneously catalyzed processes are governed by transition states for dissociative chemisorption on metals. Accurate values of barrier heights for dissociative chemisorption on metals are therefore important to benchmarking electronic structure theory in general and density functionals in particular. Such accurate barriers can be obtained using the semiempirical specific reaction parameter (SRP) approach to density functional theory. However, this approach has thus far been rather ad hoc in its choice of the generic expression of the SRP functional to be used, and there is a need for better heuristic approaches to determining the mixing parameters contained in such expressions. Here we address these two issues. We investigate the ability of several mixed, parametrized density functional expressions combining exchange at the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) level with either GGA or nonlocal correlation to reproduce barrier heights for dissociative chemisorption on metal surfaces. For this, seven expressions of such mixed density functionals are tested on a database consisting of results for 16 systems taken from a recently published slightly larger database called SBH17. Three expressions are derived that exhibit high tunability and use correlation functionals that are either of the PBE GGA form or of one of two limiting nonlocal forms also describing the attractive van der Waals interaction in an approximate way. We also find that, for mixed density functionals incorporating GGA correlation, the optimum fraction of repulsive RPBE GGA exchange obtained with a specific GGA density functional is correlated with the charge-transfer parameter, which is equal to the difference in the work function of the metal surface and the electron affinity of the molecule. However, the correlation is generally not large and not large enough to obtain accurate guesses of the mixing parameter for the systems considered, suggesting that it does not give rise to a very effective search strategy.
Source (journal)
The journal of physical chemistry : A : molecules, spectroscopy, kinetics, environment and general theory. - Washington, D.C., 1997, currens
Washington, D.C. : 2023
1089-5639 [print]
1520-5215 [online]
127 :49 (2023) , p. 10481-10498
Pubmed ID
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Publications with a UAntwerp address
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Creation 09.01.2024
Last edited 11.01.2024
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