Publication
Title
RUNX2-related metaphyseal dysplasia with maxillary hypoplasia : a rare skeletal disorder resembling SFRP4-related Pyle disease
Author
Abstract
Metaphyseal dysplasia with maxillary hypoplasia with or without brachydactyly (MDMHB) is an ultra-rare skeletal dysplasia caused by heterozygous intragenic RUNX2 duplications, comprising either exons 3 to 5 or exons 3 to 6 of RUNX2. In this study, we describe a 14-year-old Belgian boy with metaphyseal dysplasia with maxillary hypoplasia but without brachydactyly. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed mild facial dysmorphism, dental anomalies, enlarged clavicles, genua valga and metaphyseal flaring and thin cortices with an osteoporotic skeletal appearance. Exome sequencing led to the identification of a de novo heterozygous tandem duplication within RUNX2, encompassing exons 3 to 7. This duplication is larger than the ones previously reported in MDMHB cases since it extends into the C-terminal activation domain of RUNX2. We review previously reported cases with MDMHB and highlight the resemblance of this disorder with Pyle disease, which may be explained by intersecting molecular pathways between RUNX2 and sFRP4. This study expands our knowledge on the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of MDMHB and the role of RUNX2 in rare bone disorders.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Clinical genetics. - Copenhagen
Publication
Hoboken : Wiley , 2023
ISSN
0009-9163
DOI
10.1111/CGE.14474
Volume/pages
(2023) , p. 1-6
ISI
001126753800001
Pubmed ID
38108099
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 09.01.2024
Last edited 19.01.2024
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