Publication
Title
Automated diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder condition using shape based features extracted from brainstem
Author
Abstract
Alterations to the brainstem can hamper cognitive functioning, including audiovisual and behavioral disintegration, leading to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face challenges in social interaction. In this study, a process pipeline for the diagnosis of ASD has been proposed, based on geometrical and Zernike moments features, extracted from the brainstem of ASD subjects. The subjects considered for this study are obtained from publicly available data base ABIDE (300 ASD and 300 typically developing (TD)). Distance regularized level set (DRLSE) method has been used to segment the brainstem region from the midsagittal view of MRI data. Similarity measures were used to validate the segmented images against the ground truth images. Geometrical and Zernike moments features were extracted from the segmented images. The significant features were used to train Support vector machine (SVM) classifier to perform classification between ASD and TD subjects. The similarity results show high matching between DRLSE segmented brainstem and ground truth with high similarity index scores of Pearson Heron-II (PH II) = 0.9740 and Sokal and Sneath-II (SS II) = 0.9727. The SVM classifier achieved 70.53% accuracy to classify ASD and TD subjects. Thus, the process pipeline proposed in this study is able to achieve good accuracy in the classification of ASD subjects.
Language
English
Source (book)
Challenges of Trustable AI and Added-Value on Health: Proceedings of MIE 2022
Publication
2022
ISBN
978-1-64368-284-6
DOI
10.3233/SHTI220395
Volume/pages
294 (2022) , p. 53-57
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Research group
Publication type
Subject
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Record
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Creation 24.01.2024
Last edited 25.01.2024
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