Publication
Title
Towards validation in clinical routine : a comparative analysis of visual MTA ratings versus the automated ratio between inferior lateral ventricle and hippocampal volumes in Alzheimer's disease diagnosis
Author
Abstract
PurposeTo assess the performance of the inferior lateral ventricle (ILV) to hippocampal (Hip) volume ratio on brain MRI, for Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnostics, comparing it to individual automated ILV and hippocampal volumes, and visual medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) consensus ratings.MethodsOne-hundred-twelve subjects (mean age +/- SD, 66.85 +/- 13.64 years) with varying degrees of cognitive decline underwent MRI using a Philips Ingenia 3T. The MTA scale by Scheltens, rated on coronal 3D T1-weighted images, was determined by three experienced radiologists, blinded to diagnosis and sex. Automated volumetry was computed by icobrain dm (v. 5.10) for total, left, right hippocampal, and ILV volumes. The ILV/Hip ratio, defined as the percentage ratio between ILV and hippocampal volumes, was calculated and compared against a normative reference population (n = 1903). Inter-rater agreement, association, classification accuracy, and clinical interpretability on patient level were reported.ResultsVisual MTA scores showed excellent inter-rater agreement. Ordinal logistic regression and correlation analyses demonstrated robust associations between automated brain segmentations and visual MTA ratings, with the ILV/Hip ratio consistently outperforming individual hippocampal and ILV volumes. Pairwise classification accuracy showed good performance without statistically significant differences between the ILV/Hip ratio and visual MTA across disease stages, indicating potential interchangeability. Comparison to the normative population and clinical interpretability assessments showed commensurability in classifying MTA "severity" between visual MTA and ILV/Hip ratio measurements.ConclusionThe ILV/Hip ratio shows the highest correlation to visual MTA, in comparison to automated individual ILV and hippocampal volumes, offering standardized measures for diagnostic support in different stages of cognitive decline.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Neuroradiology. - Berlin, 1970, currens
Publication
New york : Springer , 2024
ISSN
0028-3940 [print]
1432-1920 [online]
DOI
10.1007/S00234-024-03280-8
Volume/pages
(2024) , p. 1-20
ISI
001146080800001
Pubmed ID
38240767
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
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Creation 01.02.2024
Last edited 06.02.2024
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