Publication
Title
Molecular imaging predicts lack of T-DM1 response in advanced HER2-positive breast cancer (final results of ZEPHIR trial)
Author
Abstract
Efficacy of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2-targeting trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in breast cancer (BC) relies on HER2 status determined by immunohistochemistry or fluorescence in-situ hybridization. Heterogeneity in HER2 expression, however, generates interest in "whole-body" assessment of HER2 status using molecular imaging. We evaluated the role of HER2-targeted molecular imaging in detecting HER2-positive BC lesions and patients unlikely to respond to T-DM1. Patients underwent zirconium-89 (Zr-89) trastuzumab (HER2) PET/CT and [F-18]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) PET/CT before T-DM1 initiation. Based on Zr-89-trastuzumab uptake, lesions were visually classified as HER2-positive (visible/high uptake) or HER2-negative (background/close to background activity). According to proportion of FDG-avid tumor load showing Zr-89-trastuzumab uptake (entire/dominant part or minor/no part), patients were classified as HER2-positive and HER2-negative, respectively. Out of 265 measurable lesions, 93 (35%) were HER2-negative, distributed among 42 of the 90 included patients. Of these, 18 (19%) lesions belonging to 11 patients responded anatomically (>30% decrease in axial diameter from baseline) after three T-DM1 cycles, resulting in an 81% negative predictive value (NPV) of the HER2 PET/CT. In combination with early metabolic response assessment on FDG PET/CT performed before the second T-DM1 cycle, NPVs of 91% and 100% were reached in predicting lesion-based and patient-based (RECIST1.1) response, respectively. Therefore, HER2 PET/CT, alone or in combination with early FDG PET/CT, can successfully identify BC lesions and patients with a low probability of clinical benefit from T-DM1.
Language
English
Source (journal)
NPJ breast cancer. - New York, NY, 2015, currens
Publication
New York, NY : Breast Cancer Research Foundation , 2024
ISSN
2374-4677
DOI
10.1038/S41523-023-00610-6
Volume/pages
10 :1 (2024) , p. 1-10
Article Reference
4
ISI
001137226500001
Pubmed ID
38184611
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
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Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
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Creation 01.02.2024
Last edited 07.02.2024
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