Publication
Title
Open access repository-scale propagated nearest neighbor suspect spectral library for untargeted metabolomics
Author
Abstract
Despite the increasing availability of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) community spectral libraries for untargeted metabolomics over the past decade, the majority of acquired MS/MS spectra remain uninterpreted. To further aid in interpreting unannotated spectra, we created a nearest neighbor suspect spectral library, consisting of 87,916 annotated MS/MS spectra derived from hundreds of millions of MS/MS spectra originating from published untargeted metabolomics experiments. Entries in this library, or "suspects," were derived from unannotated spectra that could be linked in a molecular network to an annotated spectrum. Annotations were propagated to unknowns based on structural relationships to reference molecules using MS/MS-based spectrum alignment. We demonstrate the broad relevance of the nearest neighbor suspect spectral library through representative examples of propagation-based annotation of acylcarnitines, bacterial and plant natural products, and drug metabolism. Our results also highlight how the library can help to better understand an Alzheimer's brain phenotype. The nearest neighbor suspect spectral library is openly available for download or for data analysis through the GNPS platform to help investigators hypothesize candidate structures for unknown MS/MS spectra in untargeted metabolomics data. Interpreting untargeted mass spectrometry (MS) data is challenging due to incomplete reference libraries. Here, the authors created the nearest neighbor suspect spectral library from largescale public MS data, significantly enhancing the ability to hypothesize structures for unknown mass spectra.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Nature communications
Publication
2023
ISSN
2041-1723
DOI
10.1038/S41467-023-44035-Y
Volume/pages
14 :1 (2023) , p. 1-15
Article Reference
8488
ISI
001128854200019
Pubmed ID
38123557
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 01.02.2024
Last edited 07.02.2024
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