Publication
Title
Concentration strategies for spiked and naturally present biomarkers in non-invasively collected first-void urine
Author
Abstract
Background: First-void urine (FVU) provides a non-invasive method for collecting a wide range of biomarkers found in genital tract secretions. To optimize biomarker collection in FVU, this study investigated the impact of naturally present and supplemented precipitating agents: uromodulin (UMOD) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), on the concentration of human papillomavirus (HPV) pseudovirions (PsV), cell-free DNA (cfDNA), and cellular genomic DNA (gDNA) through centrifugation. Methods: FVU samples from ten healthy female volunteers, along with a control sample, were spiked with seal herpesvirus 1 (PhHV-1) DNA, HPV16 plasmid DNA, and HPV16 PsV with an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter. The samples were subjected to various concentration protocols involving PEG precipitation, low-speed centrifugation (5 min at 1000×g), and medium-speed centrifugation (1 h at 3000×g). Subsequently, quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to assess cellular and cell-free glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) DNA, cell-free PhHV-1 and HPV16 DNA, and PsV (EGFP) DNA. In addition, UMOD levels were measured. Results: The findings revealed that PEG significantly increased the concentration of cfDNA and gDNA in the pellet after centrifugation, with the most pronounced effect observed for cfDNA. Moreover, low-speed centrifugation without PEG effectively depleted cellular gDNA while preserving cfDNA in the supernatants. Pseudovirions were consistently pelleted, even with low-speed centrifugation, and a positive but not significant effect of PEG on PsV (EGFP) DNA yield in the pellet was observed. Additionally, a significant correlation was observed between UMOD and GAPDH, HPV16, and PsV (EGFP) DNA quantities in the pellet. Furthermore, large variations among the FVU samples were observed. Conclusions: With this study, we provide novel insights into how various biomarker precipitation protocols, including both the properties of FVU and the use of PEG as a precipitating agent, influence the concentration of cfDNA, cellular gDNA, and pseudovirions.
Language
English
Source (journal)
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH
European Journal of Medical Research
Publication
2024
ISSN
0949-2321
DOI
10.1186/S40001-024-01719-5
Volume/pages
29 :1 (2024) , p. 1-12
Article Reference
131
ISI
001163795600001
Pubmed ID
38368382
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 18.02.2024
Last edited 11.04.2024
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