Publication
Title
Tirzepatide improved markers of islet cell function and insulin sensitivity in people With T2D (SURPASS-2)
Author
Abstract
Context In previous SURPASS studies tirzepatide reduced hemoglobin glycated A1c (HbA1c) and body weight and improved markers of insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function to a greater extent than comparators. Objective Explore changes in biomarkers of beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity and in efficacy profiles in baseline biomarker quartile analyses with tirzepatide compared to semaglutide. Design Post hoc analysis of SURPASS-2 phase 3 trial (participants randomly assigned to receive weekly subcutaneous tirzepatide or semaglutide for 40 weeks). Setting Post hoc analysis of 128 sites in 8 countries. Participants A total of 1879 participants with type 2 diabetes. Interventions Once-weekly tirzepatide (5, 10, 15 mg) or semaglutide 1 mg. Main outcomes measures Change in homeostatic model assessment indices for pancreatic beta-cell function (HOMA2-B) and for insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR), fasting glucagon, fasting C-peptide, and fasting insulin. Results At week 40, a greater increase in HOMA2-B was seen with tirzepatide (5, 10, 15 mg) doses (96.9-120.4%) than with semaglutide 1 mg (84.0%) (P < .05). There was a greater reduction in HOMA2-IR with all doses of tirzepatide (15.5%-24.0%) than with semaglutide 1 mg (5.1%) (P < .05). Tirzepatide 10 and 15 mg resulted in a significant reduction in both fasting C-peptide (5.2%-6.0%) and fasting glucagon (53.0%-55.3%) compared with an increase of C-peptide (3.3%) and a reduction of glucagon (47.7%) with semaglutide 1 mg (P < .05). HbA1c and body weight reductions were greater with all tirzepatide doses than semaglutide within each HOMA2-B and HOMA2-IR baseline quartile.. Conclusion In this post hoc analysis, improvements in HbA1c and weight loss were consistent and significantly higher with tirzepatide, regardless of baseline beta-cell function and insulin resistance, compared with semaglutide.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - Baltimore, Md
Publication
Washington : Endocrine soc , 2024
ISSN
0021-972X
DOI
10.1210/CLINEM/DGAE038
Volume/pages
(2024) , p. 1-9
ISI
001158726500001
Pubmed ID
38252888
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.03.2024
Last edited 07.03.2024
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