Publication
Title
Developing and testing culturally relevant bolt-on items for EQ-5D-5L in Chinese populations : a mixed-methods study protocol
Author
Abstract
Introduction EQ-5D is one of the most frequently used health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures but has been found to be insensitive in detecting differences in health status in some general populations and disease groups. For example, the appropriateness of applying EQ-5D in the Chinese cultural setting has been widely discussed. Adding additional HRQoL dimensions (bolt-on items) can be a solution to both retain the original descriptive system of EQ-5D, while enhancing its sensitivity to the local context. To date, no studies have proposed culturally relevant bolt-ons for China or examined the psychometric properties of such bolt-on items. This protocol documents the identification, development, selection and psychometric testing of culturally relevant bolt-on items for EQ-5D-5L in China.Methods and analysis We will identify and develop candidate bolt-on items that are most relevant in the Chinese culture, through former literature reviews on health concepts important for the Chinese population, conducting expert consultations and qualitative interviews. We will quantitatively test the acceptability and measurement properties (including distributional characteristics and construct validity) of the candidate items in both general and disease populations in a cross-sectional setting. The patient group will be followed up to collect two-time-point data to assess test-retest reliability of the candidate items. Bolt-on item selection will consider both the qualitative and quantitative evidence gathered. This protocol outlines a comprehensive mixed-methods process for identifying, developing, selecting and testing bolt-on items that are relevant and culturally appropriate in China. This study may serve as a guide for similar initiatives in other cultural contexts.Ethics and dissemination This study received ethics approval from the Institutional Review Board of School of Public Health, Fudan University (IRB number: 2022-TYSQ-03-154). Study findings will be disseminated through international peer-reviewed journal articles as well as public, academic presentations at national and international conferences.
Language
English
Source (journal)
BMJ open. - London, 2011, currens
Publication
London : BMJ Group , 2024
ISSN
2044-6055
DOI
10.1136/BMJOPEN-2023-081140
Volume/pages
14 :1 (2024) , p. 1-9
Article Reference
e081140
ISI
001153960500050
Pubmed ID
38286698
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 04.03.2024
Last edited 07.03.2024
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