Publication
Title
Evaluation of HPK n plus -p planar pixel sensors for the CMS Phase-2 upgrade
Author
Abstract
To cope with the challenging environment of the planned high luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC), scheduled to start operation in 2029, CMS will replace its entire tracking system. The requirements for the tracker are largely determined by the long operation time of 10 years with an instantaneous peak luminosity of up to 7.5 x 1034 cm-2 s-1 in the ultimate performance scenario. Depending on the radial distance from the interaction point, the silicon sensors will receive a particle fluence corresponding to a non-ionising energy loss of up to ?eq = 3.5 x 1016 cm-2. This paper focuses on planar pixel sensor design and qualification up to a fluence of ?eq = 1.4 x 1016 cm-2. For the development of appropriate planar pixel sensors an R&D program was initiated, which includes n+-p sensors on 150 mm (6") wafers with an active thickness of 150 mu m with pixel sizes of 100 x 25 mu m2 and 50 x 50 mu m2 manufactured by Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. (HPK). Single chip modules with ROC4Sens and RD53A readout chips were made. Irradiation with protons and neutrons, as well was an extensive test beam campaign at DESY were carried out. This paper presents the investigation of various assemblies mainly with ROC4Sens readout chips. It demonstrates that multiple designs fulfil the requirements in terms of breakdown voltage, leakage current and efficiency. The single point resolution for 50 x 50 mu m2 pixels is measured as 4.0 mu m for non-irradiated samples, and 6.3 mu m after irradiation to ?eq = 7.2 x 1015 cm-2.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research : A: accelerators, spectrometers, detectors and associated equipment. - Amsterdam, 1984, currens
Publication
Amsterdam : 2023
ISSN
0168-9002
DOI
10.1016/J.NIMA.2023.168326
Volume/pages
1053 (2023) , p. 1-18
Article Reference
168326
ISI
001122390400001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
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UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
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Creation 04.03.2024
Last edited 15.03.2024
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