Publication
Title
Feasibility study of a small-scale fertilizer production facility based on plasma nitrogen fixation
Author
Abstract
Over the last century, the nitrogen fertilizer production sector has been dominated by the Haber-Bosch process, used to convert inert N into more reactive NH. This process, coupled with steam methane reforming for H production, currently represents the cheapest and most efficient technology in the sector but is recognized as environmentally impacting. Recently, non-thermal plasma-based nitrogen fixation gained some interest as its theoretical minimum energy cost for N fixation into NO and NO has been estimated to be 0.2 MJ/mol N, lower than the current best available Haber-Bosch-based technology energy cost of 0.49 MJ/mol N and because this technology allows for implementation in small-scaled facilities with modest impact on the cost of the final product. Thus far, a lower energy cost than the Haber-Bosch process has however not been reached yet. Therefore, it is important to evaluate if the benefit of small-scale facilities is significant for the development of plasma-based technologies. This work focuses on studying whether a hypothetical small-scale fertilizer production facility based on a rotating gliding arc plasma for nitrogen fixation can be a local competitive alternative to a classical Haber-Bosch and steam methane reforming based facility. Capital expenditures, gas price, CO allowances, levelized cost of energy and transport costs are considered in this comparative model which is used to understand the impact of such parameters on the fertilizer production costs. As the energy cost for plasma-based nitrogen fixation is currently the main drawback to the industrial implementation of the technology, the energy cost requirement for a plasma-based facility to be an economically viable alternative in the upcoming years is studied as a function of the prices of energy and natural gas.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Energy conversion and management. - Oxford, 1980, currens
Publication
Oxford : 2024
ISSN
0196-8904 [print]
1879-2227 [online]
DOI
10.1016/J.ENCONMAN.2024.118124
Volume/pages
302 (2024) , p. 1-8
Article Reference
118124
ISI
001171038200001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
The author-created version that incorporates referee comments and is the accepted for publication version Available from 25.07.2024
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Record
Identifier
Creation 13.03.2024
Last edited 02.04.2024
To cite this reference