Publication
Title
The habenula in Parkinson's disease : anatomy, function, and implications for mood disorders - a narrative review
Author
Abstract
Parkinson's disease (PD), a widespread neurodegenerative disorder, often coexists with mood disorders. Degeneration of serotonergic neurons in brainstem raphe nuclei have been linked to depression and anxiety. Additionally, the locus coeruleus and its noradrenergic neurons are among the first areas to degenerate in PD and contribute to stress, emotional memory, motor, sensory, and autonomic symptoms. Another brain region of interest is habenula, which is especially related to anti-reward processing, and its function has recently been linked to PD and to mood-related symptoms. There are several neuroimaging studies that investigated role of the habenula in mood disorders. Differences in habenular size and hemispheric symmetry were found in healthy controls compared to individuals with mood disorders. The lateral habenula, as a link between the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems, is thought to contribute to depressive symptoms in PD. However, there is only one imaging study about role of habenula in mood disorders in PD, although the relationship between PD and mood disorders is known. There is little known about habenula pathology in PD but given these observations, the question arises whether habenular dysfunction could play a role in PD and the development of PD-related mood disorders. In this review, we evaluate neuroimaging techniques and studies that investigated the habenula in the context of PD and mood disorders. Future studies are important to understand habenula's role in PD patients with mood disorders. Thus, new potential diagnostic and treatment opportunities would be found for mood disorders in PD.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of chemical neuroanatomy. - New York
Publication
Amsterdam : Elsevier , 2024
ISSN
0891-0618
DOI
10.1016/J.JCHEMNEU.2024.102392
Volume/pages
136 (2024) , p. 1-12
Article Reference
102392
ISI
001172829200001
Pubmed ID
38237746
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 29.03.2024
Last edited 05.04.2024
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