Publication
Title
Risk factors for human papillomavirus infection and disease : a targeted literature summary
Author
Abstract
Adolescents are the primary cohort for routine human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, but unvaccinated adults may also benefit. A lack of consensus on which adults to target and the presence of reimbursement barriers likely contribute to the lag in adult vaccinations, highlighting missed prevention opportunities. Understanding factors contributing to risk of HPV infection and disease could help in decision making on vaccination. This review summarizes existing literature on risk factors for HPV infection and disease and includes 153 studies reporting relative risks or odds ratios for factors associated with HPV infection or disease in adults, published between 2009 and 2020. Despite inconsistent design and reporting of risk factors across studies, this review confirmed several risk factors associated with adult infection, including human immunodeficiency virus positivity, number of sex partners, and smoking. These findings can support policymaking, guideline development, and clinical decision making for HPV vaccination and screening of high-risk adult groups.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of medical virology. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
Hoboken : Wiley , 2024
ISSN
0146-6615
DOI
10.1002/JMV.29420
Volume/pages
96 :2 (2024) , p. 1-13
Article Reference
e29420
ISI
001168678200056
Pubmed ID
38377121
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 29.03.2024
Last edited 05.04.2024
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