Burnout among emergency physicians : from detection to prevention
This thesis compiles and analyzes five distinct chapters, each shedding light on the multifaceted challenges faced by healthcare professionals, particularly emergency physicians, in their honorable pursuit of saving lives and preserving the well-being of patients. Collectively, these chapters emphasize the critical importance of addressing the issues of work stress, burnout, and psychological well-being in the emergency medicine field. The first chapter provides a background to the issues addressed in this dissertation. The objective to investigate the occupational well-being; personality Type D; association of perceived stress, resilience, burnout and an intervention SMART-EM study of emergency physicians that is intended. With a brief overview of the various chapters and a table showing the various predictors and outcomes used in the research chapters. The second chapter presents a comprehensive review of the past decade's research, revealing the consistently higher levels of burnout experienced by emergency physicians compared to their peers in healthcare. It highlights the intricate interplay between work-related factors, personal characteristics, and the development of burnout, underscoring the importance of addressing these challenges to preserve the quality of care provided. The third chapter delves into the influence of Type D personality traits on burnout among hospital and emergency physicians. It suggests that Type D personality may serve as a personality-related risk factor for burnout, particularly among emergency physicians. This underscores the imperative of integrating personalized prevention measures into support systems for healthcare professionals. The fourth chapter unveils the profound impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on physicians working in emergency departments. It underscores the prevalence of occupational hazards, including infectious diseases, physical risks, workplace violence, and the threat of burnout, with an acute focus on the added burden of COVID-19. The findings underscore the urgent need for comprehensive strategies and support systems to safeguard the physical and mental well-being of these dedicated healthcare professionals. The fourth chapter introduces the "Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART-EM) program," offering a promising tool to mitigate stress, burnout, and enhance resiliency and quality of life among emergency physicians. The study reveals statistically significant improvements in perceived stress, quality of life, and burnout among participants in the SMART-EM program, further emphasizing the need for tailored interventions to address the well-being of healthcare providers. The sixth chapter presents findings from a pilot intervention study that examined the effectiveness of the SMART-EM program in reducing stress and burnout while promoting resilience. The study demonstrates the program's potential to improve perceived stress, quality of life, and well-being, providing a valuable tool for mitigating stress among emergency physicians. Finally, the seventh chapter provides a look at the second through sixth chapters that together reflect the critical need for a comprehensive approach to addressing the well-being of emergency physicians. Strategies should include comprehensive support systems, tailored interventions, and an understanding of the complex interplay between individual personality traits, work-related factors, and the development of burnout. The findings call for ongoing research and the development of targeted programs to preserve the physical and mental well-being of those dedicated to saving lives in high-pressure emergency departments.
Antwerpen : Universiteit Antwerpen, Faculteit Geneeskunde en Gezondheidswetenschappen , 2024
150 p.
Supervisor: Franck, Erik [Supervisor]
Supervisor: Van Bogaert, Peter [Supervisor]
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Creation 22.04.2024
Last edited 01.05.2024
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