Publication
Title
Dementia development during long-term follow-up after surgical aortic valve replacement with a biological prosthesis in a geriatric population
Author
Abstract
Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) with a biological heart valve prosthesis (BHV) is often used as a treatment in elderly patients with symptomatic aortic valve disease. This age group is also at risk for the development of dementia in the years following SAVR. The research question is “what are the predictors for the development of dementia?”. In 1500 patients undergoing SAVR with or without an associated procedure, preoperative (demographic, cardiac and non-cardiac comorbid conditions), perioperative (associated procedures, cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time) and postoperative 30-day adverse events (bleeding, thromboembolism, heart failure, conduction defects, arrhythmias, delirium, renal and pulmonary complications) were investigated for their effect on the occurrence of dementia by univariate analyses. Significant factors were entered in a multivariate analysis. The sum of the individual follow-up of the patients was 10,182 patient-years, with a mean follow-up of 6.8 years. Data for the development of dementia could be obtained in 1233 of the 1406 patients who left the hospital alive. Dementia during long-term follow-up developed in 216/1233 (17.2%) of the patients at 70 ± 37 months. Development of dementia reduced the mean survival from 123 (119–128) to 109 (102–116) months (p < 0.001). Postoperative delirium was the dominant predictor (OR = 3.55 with a 95%CI of 2.41–4.93; p < 0.00), followed by age > 80 years (2.38; 1.78–3.18; p < 0.001); preoperative atrial fibrillation (1.47; 1.07–2.01; p = 0.018); cardiopulmonary bypass time > 120 min (1.34; 1.02–1.78; p = 0.039) and postoperative thromboembolism (1.94; 1.02–3.70; p = 0.044). Postoperative delirium, as a marker for poor condition, and an age of 80 or more were the dominant predictors.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. - Basel, Switzerland, 2015, currens
Publication
Basel, Switzerland : MDPI AG , 2024
ISSN
2308-3425
DOI
10.3390/JCDD11050136
Volume/pages
11 :5 (2024) , p. 1-15
Article Reference
136
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UAntwerpen
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Publications with a UAntwerp address
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Creation 29.04.2024
Last edited 30.04.2024
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