Publication
Title
Impact of recurrent COVID-19 disease waves on acute myocardial infarction epidemics : results from a regional network
Author
Abstract
Aims: To assess the impact of COVID-19 related public containment measures during recurrent COVID-19 waves on hospital admission rate for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Methods and results: Clinical characteristics, reperfusion therapy modalities, COVID-19 status and in-hospital mortality of consecutive AMI patients who were admitted in a regional AMI network were recorded during one year starting in March 2020 and were compared with the year before. The COVID-19 study period encompassed two waves: the first in March-May 2020 and the second in October-December 2020. A total of 1349 AMI patients were hospitalised of which 725 during the pre-COVID period and 624 during the COVID period (incidence rate ratio of 1.16, p = 0,006). The impact was predominantly present in the first wave (32% reduction: n = 204 vs 152) and evanished during the second wave (3% increase (152 vs 156). A similar pattern was observed for ACS with cardiac arrest with a 92% reduction (n = 36 vs 3) during the first wave and no change during the second wave (18 vs 18). After correction for temperature and air quality, COVID-19 epidemic remained associated with a decrease of AMI hospitalisation (p = 0.046). Reperfusion strategy for AMI patients, were comparable between both study periods. The in-hospital mortality between the two periods was comparable (2.6% versus 1.9%), but COVID-19 positive ACS patients (n = 7) had a high mortality rate (14%).Conclusion: COVID-19 related public containment measures resulted during the first wave in a 32% reduction of AMI hospitalisation, but this impact was not visible anymore during the second wave.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Acta cardiologica. - Bruxelles
Publication
Abingdon : Taylor & francis ltd , 2024
ISSN
0001-5385
DOI
10.1080/00015385.2024.2327147
Volume/pages
(2024) , 6 p.
ISI
001195727400001
Pubmed ID
38563518
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identifier
Creation 02.05.2024
Last edited 16.05.2024
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