Degree of tumour vascularity correlates with drug accumulation and tumour response upon TNF-<tex>$\alpha$</tex>-based isolated hepatic perfusion
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
The British journal of cancer. - London
, p. 314-319
University of Antwerp
Isolated hepatic per-fusion (IHP) with melphalan with or without tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is currently performed in clinical trials in patients with hepatic metastases. Previous studies led to the hypothesis that the use of TNF-alpha in isolated limb perfusion causes specific destruction of tumour endothelial cells and thereby induces an increased permeability of tumour vasculature. However, whether TNF-alpha contributes to the therapeutic efficacy in IHP still remains unclear. In an in vivo rat liver metastases model we studied three different tumours: colon carcinoma CC531, ROS-1 osteosarcoma and BN-175 soft-tissue sarcoma which exhibit different degrees of vascularisation. IHP was performed with melphalan with or without the addition of TNF-alpha. IHP with melphalan alone resulted, in all tumour types, in a decreased growth rate. However in the BN-175 tumour addition of TNF-alpha resulted in a strong synergistic effect In the majority of the BN-175 tumour-bearing rats, a complete response was achieved, in vitro cytoxicity studies showed no sensitivity (CC531 and BN-175) or only minor sensitivity (ROS-1) to TNF-alpha, ruling out a direct interaction of TNF-alpha with tumour cells. The response rate in BN-175 tumour-bearing rats when TNF-a was coadministrated with melphalan was strongly correlated with drug accumulation in tumour tissue, as only in these rats a five-fold increased melphalan concentration was observed. Secondly, immunohistochemical analysis of microvascular density (MVD) of the tumour showed a significantly higher MVD for BN-175 tumour compared to CC531 and ROS-1. These results indicate a direct relation between vascularity of the tumour and TNF-alpha mediated effects. Assessment of the tumour vasculature of liver metastases would be a way of establishing an indication for the utility of TNF-alpha in this setting. (C) 2003 Cancer Research UK.