Alkylation of DNA by melphalan : investigation of capillary liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry in the study of adducts at the nucleoside level
Nitrogen mustards are among the oldest cancer chemotherapeutic agents and remain the drugs of choice for treatment of many human cancers. A serious complication of treatment with nitrogen mustards is the increased risk of a secondary leukaemia in long-term survivors because not all alkylating agent interactions with DNA result in cell death. In an earlier study 2'-deoxy-5'-mononucleotide/melphalan adducts have been analysed by us by LC-ES MSMS. In this work we want to present the first results of the analysis of the corresponding 2'-deoxynucleoside/melphalan adducts from DNA hydrolysates by column switching/capillary LC-ES tandem mass spectrometry. Nucleosides, compared to nucleotides, give better chromatographic results and show a good sensitivity under electrospray (+) [ES(+)] ionisation. Several adducts were identified under ES(+) conditions. Mono-alkylated nucleoside adducts alkylated at the base moiety were identified for dGuo, dCyd and dAdo. Structures were identified by recording the low-energy CAD product ion scans. Also a mono-alkylated nucleotide pdA with alkylation position at the phosphate moiety could be detected. This proves that in the case of phosphate alkylation the enzymatic dephosphorylation reaction was inhibited. A Jurkat cell suspension was treated with melphalan (I mM) and incubated at 37 degreesC (5% CO2). After 6 and 48 h, the DNA was isolated and enzymatically hydrolysed. The corresponding nucleoside pool was evaluated with the developed LC-MS method. In the 48-h experiment, one adduct could be identified as a N-7 alkylated dGuo. In the 6-h experiment, no adducts could be found. Additional experiments were done wherein Jurkat-DNA, isolated from a non-treated cell culture, was treated with melphalan. These results were analogous with the data found in melphalan-treated calf thymus DNA. Additionally, we tried to determine the exact alkylation position by interpreting high-resolution fragmentation spectra. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source (journal)
Journal of chromatography : B: analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences. - Amsterdam, 2002, currens
Amsterdam : 2003
1570-0232 [print]
1873-376X [online]
75:1(2003), p. 21-37
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Creation 08.10.2008
Last edited 30.04.2017
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