Title
Drug-abbreviated infections of **Trichostrongylus colubriformis** and development of immunity in jirds (**Meriones unguiculatus**) Drug-abbreviated infections of **Trichostrongylus colubriformis** and development of immunity in jirds (**Meriones unguiculatus**)
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Berlin ,
Source (journal)
Parasitology research. - Berlin
Volume/pages
86(2000) :8 , p. 647-654
ISSN
0932-0113
ISI
000088738100007
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The objective of this study was to examine the development and the duration of immunity achieved with drug-abbreviated infections of Trichostrongylus colubriformis in jirds (Meriones unguiculatus). Jirds were primarily infected either by trickle infection with 6 × 100 infective larvae (L3) of T. colubriformis at 3-day intervals or by a single infection with 600 L3. On day 35 post-infection, one batch of jirds from each group was autopsied; the others were treated with oxfendazole at a dose of 5 mg/kg and were challenged with 1,000 L3 on either day 7 or day 42 post-treatment. All jirds were autopsied at 17 days post-challenge. Trickle infection resulted in lower levels of egg production during the primary infection period. The systemic IgM and IgG antibody response was significantly stronger in trickle- and single-infected groups as compared with the negative control group (P < 0.01P < 0.05). Significantly higher levels of intestinal IgA were demonstrated in trickle- and single-infected groups than in the negative control group (P < 0.01). Numbers of mucosal mast cells increased following infection, but this was not dependent on the type of immunisation. After challenge the extent of worm reduction was greater in trickle-infected than in single-infected subgroups. The IgM and IgG response was significantly stronger in challenged subgroups as compared with negative control subgroups (P < 0.01). However, the IgG response was weaker in control challenged subgroups than in challenged subgroups (P < 0.01). There was a negative correlation between the IgG response and the worm burden after the second challenge (r=−0.73). The acquired immunity to T. colubriformis infection in jirds developed within 5 weeks of primary infection. The level of immunity was higher after trickle infection than after single infection. Furthermore, the immunity persisted for at least 6 weeks after oxfendazole treatment in the absence of a worm burden and larval intake, which is very similar to the situation in domestic ruminant hosts.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/fbb37a/80d2283.pdf
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