Title
Formation of 2-methyl tetrols and 2-methylglyceric acid in secondary organic aerosol from laboratory irradiated <tex>$isoprene/NO_{X}/SO_{2}/air$</tex> mixtures and their detection in ambient <tex>$PM_{2.5}$</tex> samples collected in the eastern United States Formation of 2-methyl tetrols and 2-methylglyceric acid in secondary organic aerosol from laboratory irradiated <tex>$isoprene/NO_{X}/SO_{2}/air$</tex> mixtures and their detection in ambient <tex>$PM_{2.5}$</tex> samples collected in the eastern United States
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Biology
Source (journal)
Atmospheric environment : an international journal. - Oxford, 1994, currens
Volume/pages
39(2005) :29 , p. 5281-5289
ISSN
1352-2310
ISI
000232434900007
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Recent observations in ambient PM(2.5) of 2-methylthreitol, 2-methylerythritol and 2-methylglyceric acid, proposed isoprene oxidation products, suggest the contribution of isoprene to SOA formation, long thought to be relatively unimportant, should be reexamined. To address this issue, an isoprene/NO(X)/air mixture was irradiated in a flow reactor smog chamber in both the absence and presence of SO(2) to measure the SOA yield of isoprene and to establish whether the two 2-methyl tetrols and 2-methylglyceric acid are present in isoprene SOA and could serve as SOA indicator compounds. In the absence of SO(2), the SOA yield of 0.002 was low, as expected, although uncertain because the SOA concentration was near chamber background levels. However, in the presence of SO(2), the SOA yield increased significantly to 0.028. Analysis of the trimethylsilyl derivatives of the SOA samples by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry showed chamber concentrations of the two 2-methyl tetrols totaling 0.1 mu g m(-3) and a 2-methylglyceric acid concentration of 0.4 mu g m(-3) in the. absence of SO(2), with the levels increasing significantly to 6.3 mu g m(-3) and 1.2 mu g m(-3), respectively, when SO(2) was added. The laboratory data suggest that these compounds are possible indicator compounds for isoprene SOA and that the presence of SO(2) enhances significantly SOA formation from isoprene photooxidation, with acid-catalyzed reactions possibly playing a major role. The importance of these findings was supported by the detection of the two 2-methyl tetrols and 2-methylglyceric acid in summertime ambient PM2.5 samples collected at three locations in the eastern United States. However, additional mechanistic studies are required to predict the contributions of the SO(2)-assisted isoprene SOA formation to ambient PM(2.5) concentrations. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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