Actigraphic measurement of agitated behaviour in dementia
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
International journal of geriatric psychiatry: a journal of the psychiatry of late life and allied sciences. - Chichester
, p. 388-393
University of Antwerp
Objectives This study examines the correlation between actigraphic measures and a validated assessment scale of agitated behaviour in dementia, the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI). Methods A total of 110 patients were included. Patients either suffered from Alzheimer dementia (AD), mixed dementia (MXD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) or diffuse Lewy body disease (DLB). All patients underwent actigraphic recordings for 48 h. CMAI was scored by professional caretakers, who were responsible for the patient during his or her actigraphic recording. Results Patients with high total CMAI scores (>= 50) clearly had higher levels of activity during the day as measured by means of actigraphy than patients with low total CMAI scores (ANOVA, F = 126.75, p < 0.0001). Patients with low MMSE scores (< 20) also had higher activity levels during the day than patients with higher MMSE scores (ANOVA, F = 85.74, p < 0.000 1). Correlations between actigraphic data and CMAI total scores were moderate but highly significant. Conclusion We conclude that actigraphy is a useful tool to examine agitated behaviour in dementia. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.