Does a win bonus help to increase profit or wins in professional team sports?
Faculty of Applied Economics
Antwerp :UA, 2007
Research paper / UA, Faculty of Applied Economics , 2007:2
University of Antwerp
In a sports league, team owners can expect to increase player performance, and the teams winning percentage or profits, by providing a win bonus on top of the players fixed salary level. In some clubs, the guaranteed player salary is relatively low and the premium, in case of a winning game, relatively high, whereas in other clubs, hardly any win bonus is paid. In this theoretical paper, we investigate what the impact of a win bonus is on the winning percentage, the competitive balance, the owner profits and the overall quality in a professional sports league. The model we start from is an extension of the well-known Quirk and Fort (1992) two-club model where a premium system is introduced consisting of a win bonus that is paid on top of a fixed salary. Assuming that players are motivated to increase effort if their salary depends on the winning percentage, we derive the Nash-Cournot equilibrium under both the profit and a win maximisation hypothesis. The impact of a premium system turns out to be rather complex, given the fact that clubs react to the strategies of other clubs in the league. The team that introduces a premium system can expect to increase its profits or its winning percentage by paying a bonus combined with a reduced fixed salary. A crucial factor, though, is the players response to the win bonus. If the teams effort is not enhanced enough by the bonus, the teams profits and wining percentage can go down. Also the effect that an increased winning percentage has on the current season revenue is an important factor.