Quantum statistics for a finite number of polarons in a neutralizing background
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Journal of physics : condensed matter. - London
, p. 255206,1-255206,8
University of Antwerp
The ground-state energy of an N-polaron system, confined to a spherical quantum dot with a neutralizing background charge, is investigated within an all-coupling many-body path-integral variational principle, taking into account both the Fermi statistics of the polarons and the electron-electron interaction. The treatment of the ground-state energy is performed for both closed-shell and open-shell systems. The average fermion density in the neutral spherical dot is characterized by the Wigner-Seitz parameter r(s). For a sufficiently large but finite number of polarons, the dependence of the ground-state energy on r(s) is very similar to that for a polaron gas in bulk. Hence, we can conclude that the ground-state properties of a polaron gas in bulk can be qualitatively described using a model of a finite number of polarons in a confinement potential provided by a neutralizing background charge.