Causal judgments of positive mood in relation to self-regulation: a case study with Flemish students
Faculty of Social Sciences. Instructional and Educational Sciences
Contemporary educational psychology. - New York
, p. 451-485
University of Antwerp
To examine Students' causal judgements of positive mood in relation to self-regulation, 128 participants from two different schools representing two distinct educational environments (Technical/Vocational School (TSO/BSO): N = 63; General Secondary School (ASO): N = 65) were asked to judge 45 statements containing three possible relationships (A -> B; A <- B; A <> B) for all iterations of 5 constructs associated with positive moo(l, namely Hope, Optimism, Resilience, Confidence, persistence, 4 constructs associated with self-regulation, namely Motivation, Social support, problem-solving Learning goals, and 1 construct representing Academic performance. Based oil a Pareto analysis, mental models were constructed for each school. An analysis of the mental models indicates that all students believe positive mood constructs to be causally related to self-regulation constructs with Academic performance identified as the main driver and Learning goals as the primary outcome for both schools. It is concluded that an appreciation of participants' causal attributions of positive mood states in relation to self-regulation can present a clearer picture of the conditions under which participants' causal understanding of positive mood and self-regulation constructs call be activated and used as an interpretive and evaluative framework in learning encounters.