Follicle survival and growth to antral stages in short-term murine ovarian cortical transplants after Cryologic solid surface vitrification or slow-rate freezing
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Veterinary Sciences
Cryobiology. - Rockville, Md
, p. 163-169
University of Antwerp
This study was designed to asses murine preantral follicle survival and growth, after cryopreservation of ovarian tissue by two different methodologies, solid-surface vitrification by the Cryologic vitrification method (CVM) and slow-rate freezing (SRF). Cryotreated tissue was stored in liquid nitrogen for 24 h, and upon warming follicle viability was assessed by live/dead fluorescent probes, and by 7-day autotransplantation of both cryotreated tissue types to the left and right kidney capsule of the donor animals (n = 16). The live/dead assay immediately upon tissue warming did not allow a distinction to be made in terms of follicle viability between the CVM and SRF cryoprocedure. In grafted tissue, follicular survival and growth was assessed by conventional histological examination and proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunohistochemistry. In each experimental group (control, CVM and SRF), follicles were classified according to developmental stage, and a comparison of the proportions of follicle stages between the three groups was executed by statistical analysis of variance. The fraction of primordial follicles in CVM and SRF grafts significantly decreased as compared to control tissue, whereas intermediary and primary follicles significantly increased. The proportion of secondary and antral follicles after SRF was significantly larger than after CVM, but did not differ significantly between CVM and control tissue. The observed massive follicle activation is a typical transplantation effect, but testifies to the survival of cryopreserved follicles. In both types of cryotreated tissue, growing follicles, including antral stage, were present in grafts from all recipient animals. The significantly more abundant further developed stages in SRF treated tissue, however, suggest that CVM treated tissue may have suffered a growth disadvantage. To our knowledge, this is the first time that the CVM technique has been utilized to vitrify preantral follicles.