Anti-democratic associations: content and consequences in article 11 adjudicationAnti-democratic associations: content and consequences in article 11 adjudication
Faculty of Law
Grondslagen van het recht
Government and Law
Netherlands quarterly of human rights. - Utrecht
22(2004):4, p. 585-601
University of Antwerp
This article wishes to address the position of anti-democratic political parties under Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights. More precisely, it offers an analysis of Refah Partisi (The Welfare Party) and others vs Turkey, a case in which the European Court of Human Right developed a full-scale test for assessing far-reaching interference with the right to freedom of association of political parties. It seeks to set the Refah ruling in the context of the Convention organs freedom of expression case-law. The central claim is that the Refah Court adopted a standard which is both content and consequences-based. As a result, the Courts Article 11 adjudication bears resemblance to the United States Supreme Courts First Amendment jurisprudence. The article concludes that such a partially American approach is justified with regard to the Convention rights of anti-democratic parties.