Title
Detection of nonlinear distortions in the vibration of acoustically driven mechanical systems using heterodyne vibrometry Detection of nonlinear distortions in the vibration of acoustically driven mechanical systems using heterodyne vibrometry
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Publication type
conferenceObject
Publication
Subject
Physics
Source (journal)
SPIE proceedings
Volume/pages
7098(2008) , p. 1-8
ISI
000260992400025
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Recently, a measurement set-up was presented to detect small nonlinear distortions in the vibration of acoustically driven mechanical systems. A speaker generates a specially designed multisine excitation signal that drives the vibration of a test object. The generated sound pressure is measured with a probe microphone in front of the test object, and an heterodyne vibrometer measures the corresponding vibration. Due to the high degree of linearity of the heterodyne technique, very small nonlinear distortions can be detected. In this paper the set-up is used to verify whether small nonlinear distortions are present in the vibration of the middle ear system, which is classically considered to be a completely linear system. In vitro measurements on the right ear of an adult male gerbil proved that nonlinear distortions are present in the vibration of the tympanic membrane. Similar results were seen in measurements on the left ear. The influence of post-mortem changes on the nonlinear behaviour of the middle ear was verified in a number of successive measurements. These indicated that the nonlinear behaviour of the middle ear decreases in time.
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