Title
Wittgenstein and the shift from noncognitivism to cognitivism in ethics Wittgenstein and the shift from noncognitivism to cognitivism in ethics
Author
Faculty/Department
Centre Pieter Gillis
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Philosophy
Source (journal)
Metaphilosophy. - Oxford
Volume/pages
36(2005) :3 , p. 381-399
ISSN
0026-1068
ISI
000228796500008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Abstract: In the first half of the twentieth century noncognitivism was the predominant metaethical point of view in analytical philosophy. This perspective came under critical scrutiny as early as the late 1950s, and by the 1970s its authority began to be undermined. For various reasons cognitivist theories began to be put forward with confidence. Different philosophers tried ways to restore the role of reason in ethics. This shift in the philosophical climate was influenced byor was at least in accordance withthe thought of the later Wittgenstein. In particular, this article will consider the relevance of Wittgenstein for cognitivist views, such as that of S. Toulmin, relativists like G. Harman, and British moral realists like S. Lovibond and J. McDowell. In fact, Wittgenstein is one of the founding fathers of antifoundationalism. He gives us the hopeful insight that the end of foundationalism does not necessarily imply the end of moral philosophy but must be considered a new start of it.
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