Publication
Title
Dietary cholesterol withdrawal reduces vascular inflammation and induces coronary plaque stabilization in miniature pigs
Author
Abstract
Objective: To study the effect of dietary cholesterol withdrawal on size and composition of LDL-hypercholesterolemia-induced coronary plaques in miniature pigs. Methods: Pigs were on normal chow (control group), on a cholesterol-rich diet for 37 weeks (hypercholesterolemic group) or on a cholesterol-rich diet followed by normal chow for 26 weeks (cholesterol withdrawal group). Endothelial function was assessed with quantitative angiography after intracoronary infusion of acetylcholine, plaque load with intra-coronary ultrasound and plaque composition with image analysis of cross-sections. The effect of porcine serum on coronary smooth muscle cell (SMC) function was studied in vitro. Results: Cholesterol-rich diet caused LDL-hypercholesterolemia, increased plasma levels of oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) and C-reactive protein (CRP), and induced endothelial dysfunction and coronary atherosclerosis. Dietary cholesterol withdrawal lowered LDL, ox-LDL and CRP. It restored endothelial function, did not affect plaque size but decreased lipid, ox-LDL and macrophage content. Smooth muscle cells and collagen accumulated within the plaque. Increased smoothelin-to--smooth muscle actin ratio indicated a more differentiated SMC phenotype. Cholesterol lowering reduced proliferation and apoptosis. In vitro, hypercholesterolemic serum increased SMC apoptosis and decreased SMC migration compared to non-hypercholesterolemic serum. Conclusions: Cholesterol lowering induced coronary plaque stabilization as evidenced by a decrease in lipids, ox-LDL, macrophages, apoptosis and cell proliferation, and an increase in differentiated SMC and collagen. Increased migration and decreased apoptosis of SMC may contribute to the disappearance of the a-cellular core after lipid lowering.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cardiovascular research. - London
Publication
London : 2002
ISSN
0008-6363
Volume/pages
56:1(2002), p. 135-144
ISI
000178534200016
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 14.01.2009
Last edited 18.09.2017
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