Publication
Title
Hypercholesterolemia impairs vascular remodelling after porcine coronary angioplasty
Author
Abstract
Objective: To assess the effect of hypercholesterolemia on neointima formation and vascular remodelling after porcine coronary angioplasty. Methods: Left anterior descending coronary angioplasty was carried out in five control and 16 age-matched hypercholesterolemic miniature pigs. Vascular remodelling was measured by intravascular ultrasound. Neointima size and composition were assessed by quantitative image analysis. Coronary smooth muscle cells (SMC) from control and diet pigs were collected 1 h after angioplasty for in vitro study of the effect of hypercholesterolemic serum on SMC migration and of macrophage-induced matrix degradation on SMC adhesion. Results: Twenty-eight days after angioplasty, lumen increase was 0.08±1.7 mm2 in diet and 2.7±2.7 mm2 (P = 0.016) in control pigs. Lumen increase correlated with vascular remodelling (IELpost/IELpre; R2=0.59; P<0.001) and with the circumferential gain relative to the neointima (R2=0.32; P<0.01) but not with neointimal area that was similar in control and diet pigs. Circumferential gain correlated with VSMC deposition at the site of the injury (R2=0.28; P<0.01) that correlated with organized collagen (R2=0.34; P<0.01). The VSMC and collagen content of neointima in diet pigs was lower whereas the macrophage content was higher. Hypercholesterolemic serum and oxidised LDL reduced migration of VSMC from diet pigs. Macrophage-induced degradation of VSMC extracellular matrix reduced VSMC adhesion (P = 0.015). Conclusion: Hypercholesterolemia impairs vascular remodelling of balloon-treated coronary arteries. It decreases VSMC and collagen accumulation at the site of injury. Our in vitro data suggest that this decrease can be due to macrophage-induced matrix degradation and reduced VSMC adhesion and to impaired VSMC migration. Oxidised LDL mimics the inhibitory effect of hypercholesterolemic serum.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cardiovascular research. - London
Publication
London : 2002
ISSN
0008-6363
Volume/pages
55:2(2002), p. 385-395
ISI
000177355500023
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 14.01.2009
Last edited 20.06.2017
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