Publication
Title
Evaluation of real-time PCR for detection of and discrimination between **Bordetella pertussis**, **Bordetella parapertussis**, and **Bordetella holmesii** for clinical diagnosis
Author
Abstract
PCR is increasingly being used as a diagnostic test for the detection of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis DNA, as it has improved sensitivity and specificity in comparison to conventional techniques. The assay described here uses the two insertion sequences IS481 and IS1001 for B. pertussis and B. parapertussis, respectively, with detection by molecular beacons. The real-time PCR for IS481 detects both B. pertussis and Bordetella holmesii, and the real-time PCR for IS1001 detects both B. parapertussis and B. holmesii. By performing both assays discrimination between B. pertussis and B. parapertussis can be obtained. The sensitivity was 1 to 10 CFU/ml for B. pertussis, 10 CFU/ml for B. parapertussis, and 10 CFU/ml for B. holmesii in both assays. The clinical sensitivity of the B. pertussis assay was not affected by duplexing with an internal control PCR. Real-time PCR, conventional PCR, and culture were performed on 57 clinical samples. Eight of the 57 (14%) were found positive by culture, 19 of 57 (33%) were found positive by conventional PCR, and 22 of 57 (39%) were found positive by real-time PCR. One sample was inhibitory. When the B. pertussis assay was compared with a clinical standard for B. pertussis infection, sensitivity was 38, 83, and 100% and specificity was 100, 97, and 97% for culture, conventional PCR, and real-time PCR, respectively. The real-time PCR designed for B. pertussis and B. parapertussis provides sensitive and specific diagnosis of B. pertussis and B. parapertussis infections and is therefore suitable for implementation in the diagnostic laboratory.
Language
Dutch
Source (journal)
Journal of clinical microbiology. - Washington, D.C.
Publication
Washington, D.C. : 2003
ISSN
0095-1137
Volume/pages
41:9(2003), p. 4121-4126
ISI
000185246800018
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 14.01.2009
Last edited 10.07.2017
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