Title
Behaviour of damselfly larvae (**Enallagma cyathigerum**) (Insecta, Odonata) after long-term exposure to PFOS Behaviour of damselfly larvae (**Enallagma cyathigerum**) (Insecta, Odonata) after long-term exposure to PFOS
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Environmental pollution. - London
Volume/pages
157(2009) :4 , p. 1332-1336
ISSN
0269-7491
ISI
000264782700036
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) is a persistent and ubiquitous environmental contaminant that has been detected in organisms worldwide. Here, we evaluate whether long-term (1 and 4 months) exposure to PFOS contamination affects the behavioural performance of freshwater larvae of the damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum (Insecta: Odonata). Our results show reduced behavioural performance with increasing PFOS concentration. In 1 month exposed larvae, no observed effect concentrations (NOECs) were 100 ìg/L for general activity. In 4 months exposed larvae, NOECs were 10 ìg/L, for each behavioural trait, except swimming acceleration of male larvae where the NOEC was 100 ìg/L. When faced with PFOS concentrations above the NOEC, E. cyathigerum larvae were less active, less capable to escape a simulated predator attack and less efficient in foraging. Together, our results show that damselfly larvae suffer reduced survival-related behavioural performance. Long-term laboratory exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonic acid decreases behavioural performance of damselfly larvae (Insecta: Odonata).
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