A comparison of DNA extraction procedures for the detection of **Mycobacterium ulcerans**, the causative agent of Buruli ulcer, in clinical and environmental specimens
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Journal of microbiological methods. - Amsterdam
, p. 152-158
University of Antwerp
Mycobacterium ulcerans is the causative agent of Buruli ulcer, the third most common mycobacterial disease in humans after tuberculosis and leprosy. Although the disease is associated with aquatic ecosystems, cultivation of the bacillus from the environment is difficult to achieve. Therefore, at the moment, research is based on the detection by PCR of the insertion sequence IS2404 present in M. ulcerans and some closely related mycobacteria. In the present study, we compared four DNA extraction methods for detection of M. ulcerans DNA, namely the one tube cell lysis and DNA extraction procedure (OT), the FastPrep procedure (FP), the modified Boom procedure (MB), and the Maxwell® 16 Procedure (M16). The methods were performed on serial dilutions of M. ulcerans, followed by PCR analysis with different PCR targets in M. ulcerans to determine the detection limit (DL) of each method. The purity of the extracted DNA and the time and effort needed were compared as well. All methods were performed on environmental specimens and the two best methods (MB and M16) were tested on clinical specimens for detection of M. ulcerans DNA. When comparing the DLs of the DNA extraction methods, the MB and M16 had a significantly lower DL than the OT and FP. For the different PCR targets, IS2404 showed a significantly lower DL than mlsA, MIRU1, MIRU5 and VNTR6. The FP and M16 were considerably faster than the MB and OT, while the purity of the DNA extracted with the MB was significantly higher than the DNA extracted with the other methods. The MB performed best on the environmental and clinical specimens. This comparative study shows that the modified Boom procedure, although lengthy, provides a better method of DNA extraction than the other methods tested for detection and identification of M. ulcerans in both clinical and environmental specimens.