Publication
Title
The evolutionary mechanism maintaining shell shape and molecular differentiation between two ecotypes of the dogwhelk **Nucella lapillus **
Author
Abstract
Two ecotypes of Nucella lapillus can occur allopatrically or sympatrically, according to different degrees of wave exposure and microhabitats, on rocky shores of NW Spain. We studied differences in shell size and shape in adults and families of shelled embryos captured in the wild, and molecular variation at 9 microsatellite loci and 4 mtDNA regions. Both adults and shelled embryos of the two ecotypes showed significant differences in size and shell-shape components (the most important being size of the shell aperture). Strong among-family variation suggests that shell-shape variation has an important genetic component, and the pattern of genetic differentiation was in agreement with traits being affected by divergent natural selection. No significant overall molecular differentiation was observed between the two ecotypes for mtDNA, although we found significant genetic structure at two microsatellite loci. Microsatellite differentiation between ecotypes at these two loci was larger in sympatry than in allopatry. These results and the comparison of tenacity suggest that the two forms are distinctly adapted to differences in shore level and degree of exposure to wave action.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Evolutionary ecology. - London
Publication
London : 2009
ISSN
0269-7653
Volume/pages
23:2(2009), p. 261-280
ISI
000263362600007
Full text (Publishers DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 16.02.2009
Last edited 30.03.2017
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