Publication
Title
Exact integral constraint requiring only the ground-state electron density as input on the exchange-correlation force for spherical atoms
Author
Abstract
Following some studies of n(r)V(r)dr by earlier workers for the density functional theory (DFT) one-body potential V(r) generating the exact ground-state density, we consider here the special case of spherical atoms. The starting point is the differential virial theorem, which is used, as well as the HillerSucherFeinberg [Phys. Rev. A 18, 2399 (1978)] identity to show that the scalar quantity paralleling the above vector integral, namely, n(r)V(r)/rdr, is determined solely by the electron density n(0) at the nucleus for the s-like atoms He and Be. The force −V/r is then related to the derivative of the exchange-correlation potential Vxc(r) by terms involving only the external potential in addition to n(r). The resulting integral constraint should allow some test of the quality of currently used forms of Vxc(r). The article concludes with results from the differential virial theorem and the HillerSucherFeinberg identity for the exact many-electron theory of spherical atoms, as well as for the DFT for atoms such as Ne with a closed p shell.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The journal of chemical physics. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
New York, N.Y. : 2008
ISSN
0021-9606
Volume/pages
129:19(2008), p. 194114,1-194114,4
ISI
000261141300014
Full text (Publishers DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 28.02.2009
Last edited 16.05.2017
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